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Rumi Biography & History
|Full Name||Jall al-Dn Muhammad Rumi|
|Other names||Mevlânâ, Mawlānā, Mevlevî, Mawlawī (My Master)|
|Born||30 September 1207|
|Birth Place||Balkh (present-day Afghanistan),or Wakhsh (present-day Tajikistan), Khwarezmian Empire|
|Died||17 December 1273|
|Death Place||Konya (present-day Turkey), Sultanate of Rum|
|Death age||66 Years|
|Resting place||Tomb of Mevlana Rumi, Mevlana Museum, Konya, Turkey|
|Era||Islamic Golden Age|
(7th Islamic century)
|Main interest(s)||Sufi poetry, Hanafi jurisprudence, Maturidi theology|
|Notable idea(s)||Sufi whirling, Muraqaba|
Jall al-Dn Muhammad Rumi (30 September 1207 – 17 December 1273), also known as Jall al-Dn Muammad Balkhi, but better known simply as Rumi (30 September 1207 – 17 December 1273), was a 13th-century Persian poet, Han Rumi’s spiritual legacy has influenced Iranians, Tajiks, Turks, Greeks, Pashtuns, and other Central Asian Muslims, as well as Muslims on the Indian subcontinent, over the last seven centuries. His poetry have been extensively translated into a variety of languages and media throughout the globe. Rumi has been dubbed “America’s most popular poet” and “best-selling poet.”
Life of Rumi
Rumi was born in the Balkh, which was formerly part of the Khwarezmian Empire but is now part of modern-day Afghanistan, to Persian-speaking parents. He was born in either Wakhsh, a hamlet on the Vakhsh River in modern-day Tajikistan, or Balkh, a city in modern-day Afghanistan.
Greater Balkh was a prominent centre of Persian culture at the time, and Sufism had flourished there for generations.
Did Rumi get married?
Rumi married Gowhar Khatun in Karaman in 1225. They had two Children Sultan Walad and Ala-eddin Chalabi. Rumi remarried after the death of his first wife and went on to have a son named Amir Alim Chalabi and a daughter named Malakeh Khatun.
Rumi influenced By
Apart from his father, the Persian poets Attar and Sanai had the greatest effect on Rumi. “Attar was the spirit, Sanai his eyes twain, And in time subsequently, Came we in their train,” Rumi writes, “and in time thereafter, Came we in their train,” and in another poem, “Attar has toured the seven towns of Love, We are yet at the bend of one street.” His father was likewise a member of Najm al-Din Kubra’s spiritual lineage.
How Did Rumi Died
Rumi spent the most of his time in the Persianate Seljuk Sultanate of Rum, where he wrote his writings and died in 1273 AD due to Impairment of well-being.
In Konya, he was buried, and his mausoleum became a pilgrimage site. Following his death, his followers and son Sultan Walad established the Mevlevi Order, also known as the Order of the Whirling Dervishes, which is famed for the Sufi dance known as the Sama ritual.
He was put to rest next to his father, and a shrine was built over his bones. Shams ud-Din Ahmad Aflki’s Manqib ul-rifn has a hagiographical description of him (written between 1318 and 1353).
Rumi is a believer in using art forms like music, poetry, and dance to engage with the god. As a consequence of these ideas, the practise of whirling dervishes has developed into a ceremonial form.
Worship, according to the Mevlevi tradition, “represents a mystical journey of spiritual ascension to the Perfect One via thought and love.” The seeker metaphorically goes towards the truth, matures through love, abandons the ego, discovers the truth, and arrives at the Perfect on this trip. The seeker then returns from his or her spiritual journey with more maturity, ready to love and serve all of creation without prejudice.”
Philosophy of self
Our relationship to God, according to Rumi, is the actual sense in which we are human:
- My home is the Placeless, and my footprint is the Traceless.
- Because I am the Beloved Himself, I am neither body nor soul.
- I’ve discarded dualism and realised that the two realms are one;
- One I’m looking for, one I’m familiar with, one I’ve seen, and one I’ve called.
- He is the outer, He is the inward, He is the beginning, He is the last.
Philosophy of Life
Rumi believed that life is a journey, and that if a seeker, while on this trip, turned toward the truth, grew through love, and abandoned the ego, then the seeker would discover the truth and arrive at the perfect.
After completing this spiritual journey, the seeker comes home more enlightened, ready to love and serve all of creation without regard to differences in religion, racial or social status, or national origin.
Rumi’s Most Famous Poem
Rumi’s most Famous Poem as of now in 2022 to is the poem that starts with When i Die. The full poem is describing rumi’s love towards his eternal life, and how he is happy to face the death of his body because he is not dying, he is on the other hand entering the realm of immortality.
The Second most Searched poems of Rumi is “Whenever you are Alone Remember that…” Full poem is about explaining that God is always with you but you are not realising.
- “There is no need to feel lonely since the whole world is contained inside you.”
- “Lovers don’t eventually find each other anywhere. They have always existed inside one another.
- There are a thousand different ways to get up from your knees and kiss the earth, and there are a thousand different routes to take to go back home.
- Raise the volume of your words, not your voice. It is rain, not thunder, that causes flowers to bloom. “
- This world is a figment of the imagination. Only a sleeper believes it to be true. Then death hits you like a tonne of bricks, and you find yourself smiling at what you thought was your grief.
- “Would you be willing to travel the way of love like a pilgrim? The first need is that you lower yourself to the level of dust and ashes in your humility.
- “You are not a speck on the surface of the ocean. You are the whole of the ocean condensed into a single drop.”
- “If the roots of the trees weren’t anchored to the ground, they would be coming towards me.” Because I have flourished to such an extent, I am the object of jealousy in the gardens.
- “Stop behaving like such a coward. You are the joyous motion of the world itself.”
- “Don’t let yourself be pleased by tales, by hearing how things have gone with other people. Unfold your own myth.”
Rumi’s poetry, like that of other mystic and Sufi poets of Persian literature, talks of love as something that permeates the whole universe. Rumi’s teachings also express the tenets that are summarised in the Quranic verse that Shams-e Tabrizi cited as the essence of prophetic guidance: “Know that ‘There is no god but He,’ and ask forgiveness for your sin.” “Know that ‘There is no god but He,’ and ask forgiveness for your sin” (Q. 47:19).
According to the interpretation that is attributed to Shams, the first part of the verse instructs humanity to seek knowledge of tawhid (oneness of God), and the second part instructs humanity to negate their own existence. Both of these instructions are found in the same verse. Rumi describes love as “that flame which, when it blazes up, burns away everything except the Everlasting Beloved.” This explicit connection between love and tawhid is made in his verse that describes love as “that flame which, when it blazes up, burns away everything except the Everlasting Beloved.” The following verse, taken from Rumi’s collection titled the Masnavi, exemplifies the poet’s yearning and desire to realise this ideal.
Rumi Whirling Meditation Technique
In the Sufi realm, Mevlana Rumi reigns supreme. His words must be interpreted as sources of profound silences, echoes of inner and deepest tunes, rather than as plain words. He is the most talented dancer the world has ever seen. It’s been almost a thousand years since he was alive.
His dancing is a one-of-a-kind style. It’s a whirling motion, similar to how tiny infants whirl; standing in one place, they move round and round. And possibly tiny children do this all throughout the globe, and their elders stop them, saying things like, “You will grow dizzy, you will fall, you will injure yourself,” and “What is the purpose of doing it?”
Jalaluddin Rumi created a whirling meditation. The meditator continues to spin for hours — as long as his body permits; he does not stop on his own. When the cyclone is swirling, he views himself as completely calm and quiet, the storm’s core. The body moves around the centre, yet there is a region that stays still; this is his existence.
Rumi himself swirled for 36 hours straight before collapsing because his body could no longer revolve. But as he opened his eyes, he found himself in the company of another guy. Hundreds of people had come to witness what was going on. “What is the purpose of whirling?” many people assumed he was insane.
… Nobody can claim that this is a prayer; nobody can claim that this is a magnificent dance; nobody can claim that this has anything to do with religion or spirituality in any way….
They couldn’t believe their eyes after 36 hours when they saw Rumi so light, so dazzling, so new, so fresh — reborn, in a new awareness. Hundreds of people sobbed in remorse because they had assumed he was insane. He was indeed normal, whereas others were insane.
The stream has remained alive for the last twelve centuries. There are just a few spiritual development movements that have lasted this long. Hundreds of dervishes still exist. The Sufi term for sannyas is ‘dervish.’ You won’t believe it until you do it, but you can learn about yourself simply by spinning. There is no need for austerity or self-torture; all that is required is an experience of your innermost being, and you will be transported to another level of existence, from mortal to eternal. The darkness vanishes, leaving only endless brightness.
This Whirling Technique Explanation is by Osho