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Sant Muktabai

Sant Muktabai
Sant Muktabai
NameMuktabai/Saint Muktai
Born1279
Alandi, Maharashtra, India
Died1297
Muktainagar
ReligionHinduism
OrderVarkari tradition
Philosophy Vaishnavism
GuruDnyaneshwar

In the Varkari tradition, Muktabai or Mukta was a saint. She was the younger sister of Dnyaneshwar, the first Varkari saint, and was born into a Deshastha Brahmin family. Muktabai composed forty-one abhangs during her lifetime.

History (Story of Sant Muktabai)

Muktabai was the fourth child of Vitthal Govind Kulkarni and Rukmini, a devout couple from Apegaon near Paithan on the banks of the Godavari, according to Nath legend. Vitthal had studied the Vedas since he was a child and had embarked on pilgrimages. Sidhopant, a local Yajurveda Brahmin in Alandi, around 30 kilometres from Pune, was highly impressed with him, and Vitthal married his daughter Rukmini.

Vitthal proceeded to Kashi (Varanasi) after gaining permission from Rukmini, where he met Ramananda Swami and begged to be inducted into sannyasa, lying about his marriage. But, after visiting Alandi and concluding that his student Vitthal was Rukmini’s husband, Ramananda Swami returned to Kashi and ordered Vitthal to return home to his family. Vitthal had broken with sannyas, the final of the four ashrams, and the couple was expelled from the Brahmin caste. Nivrutti was born in 1273, Jnevar was born in 1275, Sopan was born in 1277, and their daughter Muktai was born in 1279. Their birth years are 1268, 1271, 1274, and 1277, according to certain academics. Vitthal and Rukmini are said to have terminated their lives by plunging into the waters of Prayag, which is the confluence of three rivers: the Ganges, the Yamuna, and the now-extinct Saraswati, in the hopes that their children would be accepted into society after they died.

The couple had gone on a pilgrimage with their children to Tryambakeshwar, near Nashik, where Gahininath initiated their oldest son Nivrutti (at the age of 10) into the Nath tradition. Goraksha Nath had inducted Dnyaneshwar’s paternal great grandfather into the Nath sect (Gorakh Nath). Alms were given to the orphaned children as they grew older. They tried to persuade the Paithan Brahmin community to welcome them, but the Brahmins refused. The offspring were purified by the Brahmins on condition of celibacy, according to the disputed “Shuddhi Patra.” Because of their righteousness, virtue, intelligence, wisdom, and civility, the children gained recognition and respect for their debate with the Brahmins. At the age of eight, Dnyaneshwar, along with his younger siblings Sopan and Mukta, enrolled in Nivruttinath’s school. Kundalini yoga’s theory and many techniques were taught to him and he mastered them.

Sant Muktabai Samadhi Place Name

Sant Muktabai Attained maha samadhi in 1297, at Muktainagar that is located in Maharashtra.

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Temples

The Saint Muktabai temple is an ancient temple in the region, with Goddess Muktabai regarded as the territory’s divinity. In MuktaiNagar city, there are two temples dedicated to this deity: Mehun Temple and New Muktabai Temple. Muktai, also known as Muktabai, was a renowned Varkari saint.

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