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Alexander The Great
|Alexander III of Macedon
|20 or 21 July 356 BC
Pella, Macedon, Ancient Greece
|10 or 11 June 323 BC
|Cause of Death
|Philip II of Macedon
|$500 billion dollars
|Roxana of BactriaStateira II of PersiaParysatis II of Persia
|Approximately 5 feet
Alexander III of Macedon, also known as Alexander the Great, was the monarch of Macedon in ancient Greece. In 356 BC, he was born in Pella, a city in Ancient Greece, as a member of the Argead dynasty. At the age of 20, he succeeded his father, King Philip II, to the throne, and spent the majority of his reign undertaking a lengthy military expedition across Western Asia and Northeastern Africa. He had built one of the biggest empires in history by the age of thirty, ranging from Greece to northeastern India. He went undefeated in war and is usually regarded as one of the most accomplished military leaders in history.
Life of Alexander the Great
Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until he was sixteen years old. Alexander’s father Philip was slain at Alexander’s sister’s wedding in 336 BC, and Alexander ascended to the kingdom of Macedonia. Alexander was given the generalship of Greece after storming the city of Thebes. He utilised his power to carry out his father’s pan-Hellenic project, which comprised him taking command of all Greeks in their conquest of Persia.
He invaded the Achaemenid Empire (Persian Empire) in 334 BC and launched a ten-year battle against it. Alexander shattered Persia’s dominance after conquering Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey) in a series of critical wars, including those at Issus and Gaugamela. Following that, he deposed King Darius III and captured the entire Achaemenid Empire. His dominion spanned the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River at the time. In 326 BC, Alexander invaded India with the goal of reaching the “ends of the globe and the Great Outer Sea,” and won a major victory over King Porus at the Battle of the Hydaspes. Due to the demands of his homesick men, he eventually turned back at the Beas River, dying in Babylon in 323 BC, the city he meant to construct as his capital. He failed to carry out a series of planned wars, which were to have started with an invasion of Arabia. A series of civil conflicts tore his empire apart in the years after his death.
Alexander’s legacy includes cultural dissemination and syncretism, such as Greco-Buddhism and Hellenistic Judaism, as a result of his conquests. He created more than twenty cities in his honour, the most famous of which is Alexandria, Egypt. The arrival of Greek colonists by Alexander and the subsequent spread of Greek culture resulted in Hellenistic civilization, which evolved into contemporary Western culture through the Roman Empire. The Greek language became the region’s lingua franca, and the Byzantine Empire’s dominant language until its demise in the mid-15th century AD. Until the Greek genocide and population exchange in the 1920s, Greek-speaking communities in central and far eastern Anatolia remained. Alexander became a legendary classical hero in the mould of Achilles, appearing in both Greek and non-Greek cultures’ history and mythic traditions. His military feats and unrivalled war success have made him the standard by which many modern military leaders are measured. His methods are still taught in military institutions around the world. He is frequently considered as one of the most influential figures in history.
Alexander the Great Cause of Death
Alexander became ill in Babylon after a long feast and drinking session, and he died on June 13, 323, at the age of 33. There was a lot of discussion about what killed him, and the most popular hypotheses state that he died of malaria, typhoid fever, or was poisoned.
Alexander the Great, as an ancient Macedonian (Greek), followed Greek polytheism and worshipped the Greek Pantheon of Gods, particularly Apollo. He held the gods in high regard and would consult the oracles and worship the gods both before and after each fight.
Alexander the Great Height
The monarch’s “great stature and robust body made him appear as admirably mounted on an elephant as an ordinary man looks on a horse,” according to Alexander’s biographer Plutarch. Porus stood about 7 feet tall, towering above Alexander, who stood around 5 feet tall, which was ordinary for a Greek male at the time.
Why Alexander is Called the Great
The fact that Alexander never lost a battle is the fundamental reason he is known as Alexander the Great. Many people believe he conquered half of the globe at the time. However, this is not the case. The real reason is that his kingdom was roughly the size of modern-day India at the time (may be less than it).However, he was known “Great” because he never lost a war during his reign. He began heading back to Babylon after defeating Porus. Another reason can be for his greatness because, at the age of 22, he conquered the majority of the known world without destroying civilisations. He set free Egyptians, reunited Greece, and so on.
What did he Conquer
Anatolia, Syria, Phoenicia, Judea, Gaza, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, and Bactria were among his conquests. He expanded his kingdom all the way to Taxila, India (now Pakistan).
Who defeated Alexander the Great in India
Alexander the Great’s Indian campaign began in 327 BC. Following the conquest of the Indus Valley by the Achaemenid Empire of Persia, the Macedonian monarch Alexander conducted a campaign into the Indian subcontinent in present-day Afghanistan and Pakistan, which comprised part of the Achaemenid Empire’s easternmost possessions (late 6th century BC).
Alexander’s conquest career came to an end with Hydaspes; he died before he could undertake another war. Alexander the Great’s victory over the Indian prince Porus at the Battle of the Hydaspes, 326 BCE; from Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem’s oil on canvas The Battle Between Alexander and Porus.
How and When Did Alexander The Great Became King
Alexander’s father Philip was slain by his bodyguard Pausanias in 336 B.C. Alexander claimed the Macedonian throne at the age of 20 and slaughtered his opponents before they could contest his authority.
He also put down separatist uprisings in northern Greece. Alexander left to follow in his father’s footsteps and continue Macedonia’s world dominance once he’d cleaned house.
Alexander named the general Antipater as regent and sent his army to Persia. At the Granicus River, they faced Persian and Greek soldiers after crossing the Hellespont, a short channel connecting the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara. Alexander and the Macedonians were victorious.
Alexander then proceeded to the south, where he easily conquered the city of Sardes. His army, however, ran into opposition at the cities of Miletus, Mylasa, and Halicarnassus. Halicarnassus, besieged but unbeaten, held out long enough for King Darius III, the newest Persian king, to raise a large force.